We can still see the influence of Gothic literature in fiction and films today. Here, Wordsworth gives his famous definition of poetry, as "the spontaneous overflow of powerful feelings" which "takes its origin from emotion recollected in tranquility.
Fresh ideals came to the fore; in particular, the ideal of freedom, long cherished in Englandwas being extended to every range of human endeavour.
One key area in which the influence of the French Revolution manifests itself is in the satiric poetry of the period. Arthur Lovejoy attempted to demonstrate the difficulty of defining Romanticism in his seminal article "On The Discrimination of Romanticisms" in his Essays in the History of Ideas ; some scholars see Romanticism as essentially continuous with the present, some like Robert Hughes see in it the inaugural moment of modernity and some like ChateaubriandNovalis and Samuel Taylor Coleridge see it as the beginning of a tradition of resistance to Enlightenment rationalism—a "Counter-Enlightenment"—   to be associated most closely with German Romanticism.
In it Wordsworth discusses what he sees as the elements of a new type of poetry, one based on the "real language of men", and which avoids the poetic diction of much 18th-century poetry. The poor condition of workers, the new class conflicts and the pollution of the environment led to a reaction against urbanism and industrialization and a new emphasis on the beauty and value of nature.
Samuel Taylor Coleridge saw the imagination as the supreme poetic quality, a quasi-divine creative force that made the poet a godlike being.
So, in literature, "much of romantic poetry invited the reader to identify the protagonists with the poets themselves". Poverty among the urban population was great, and insufficient housing was common. Margaret Drabble described it in literature as taking place "roughly between and ",  and few dates much earlier than will be found.
Vathek by William Beckfordand The Monk by Matthew Lewiswere further notable early works in both the gothic and horror literary genres.
However, these 'nature poems' have wider concerns in that they are often meditations on "an emotional problem or personal crisis".
The result is a valorization of "fine feeling", displaying the characters as a model for refined, sensitive emotional effect. One's inmost soul or self is touched by the beauty of nature, or reaches out to that beauty in the country, the mountains, the stars. Both were set in the distant Scottish past.
His investigation of the relationship between nature and the human mind continued in the long autobiographical poem addressed to Coleridge and later titled The Prelude —99 in two books; in five books; in 13 books; revised continuously and published posthumously, The pioneering gothic novelist Ann Radcliffe introduced the brooding figure of the gothic villain which developed into the Byronic hero.
The novel began to rival poetry for literary prestige. To Particularize is the alone Distinction of Merit. Shelley's early profession of atheism, in the tract "The Necessity of Atheism", led to his expulsion from Oxford,  and branded him as a radical agitator and thinker, setting an early pattern of marginalization and ostracism from the intellectual and political circles of his time.
The pervasiveness of nature poetry in the period can be linked to the idealization of the natural scene as a site where the individual could find freedom from social laws.
A further sign of the diminished stress placed on judgment is the Romantic attitude to form: Hand in hand with the new conception of poetry and the insistence on a new subject matter went a demand for new ways of writing.
Parallel to this, childhood was considered a pure period in life characterized by freedom and not distorted by adult norms and conventions. In a related tendency, Blake, Coleridge, Wordsworth, and later Shelley would all assume the persona of the poet-prophet.
From this time the theme of duty was to be prominent in his poetry. This idea spread after the publication in of Lyrical Ballads by William Wordsworth and Samuel Taylor Coleridge and is reflected in much Romantic poetry.
Gothic novels dealt with fantastic and macabre creatures and incidents and often contained supernatural elements. Select Bibliography Dyer, Gary. In English literature, M.
However, at the time Walter Scott — was the most famous poet. Think of Romanticism as an "umbrella term" under which many stylistic themes and values meet and interact; e. These wars, along with the political and social turmoil that went along with them, served as the background for Romanticism.
This is most evident in the aesthetics of romanticism, where the notion of eternal models, a Platonic vision of ideal beauty, which the artist seeks to convey, however imperfectly, on canvas or in sound, is replaced by a passionate belief in spiritual freedom, individual creativity.
Scott achieved immediate success with his long narrative poem The Lay of the Last Minstrel infollowed by the full epic poem Marmion in Cambridge University Press, Although his fame has been long eclipsed by that of his contemporaries and friends William Wordsworth and Samuel Taylor Coleridge.
The setting of Gothic literature would often be haunted castles among ruins and graveyards in wild landscapes far away from civilization. In Wordsworth dedicated a number of sonnets to the patriotic cause.
For example, a nostalgic past or dramatic future, a distant star or a voice deep inside, a dream desired, denied, but never forgotten.
Nevertheless, when he published his preface to Lyrical Ballads inthe time was ripe for a change: If not realist, late 19th-century art was often extremely detailed, and pride was taken in adding authentic details in a way that earlier Romantics did not trouble with.Romanticism (also known as the Romantic era) was an artistic, literary, musical and intellectual movement that originated in Europe toward the end of the 18th century, and in most areas was at its peak in the approximate period from to Romanticism was characterized by its emphasis on emotion and individualism as well as glorification.
Romantic spirit or style (developed in but not limited to the Romantic era) In everyday modern English, "Romantic" commonly refers to feelings of love, desire, or escape and " romance " is used to describe a love story ("a woman's romance").
English literature - The Romantic period: As a term to cover the most distinctive writers who flourished in the last years of the 18th century and the first decades of the 19th, “Romantic” is indispensable but also a little misleading: there was no self-styled “Romantic movement” at the time, and the great writers of the period did not call themselves Romantics.
Learn period english 12 romantic with free interactive flashcards. Choose from different sets of period english 12 romantic flashcards on Quizlet. Romantic Period in English Literature: - Free download as Powerpoint Presentation .ppt), PDF File .pdf), Text File .txt) or view presentation slides online.
Scribd is the world's largest social reading and publishing site.5/5(5). Romantic Poets “Poetry is the spontaneous overflow of powerful feelings.” – William Wordsworth. Romantic poets believed there was a permanent and interactive bond between the human mind and nature.
“Mind Poets” sought a deeper understanding of the .Download